Details about the Animations

Cretaceous Impact
Duration: 41 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A six-mile wide asteroid slams into the northern tip of what is now the Yucatan peninsula at the close of the Cretaceous period 65 million years ago. This catastrophic impact may have been a factor in the extinction of the dinosaurs.
Exoplanet
Duration: 30 seconds
UHD 2160
A rocky moon and a dusty ring of debris surround a super earth.
Tunguska Impactor
Duration: 35 seconds
HD 1080, UHD 2160
29.97 fps
The Tunguska impactor approaches Earth. Earth images courtesy of NASA.
Tunguska Event
Scene 2

Duration: 35 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
The Tunguska impactor begins its fiery descent into Earth's atmosphere. Earth images
courtesy of NASA.
Tunguska Event
Scene 3

Duration: 12 seconds
HDTV 1280x720, 29.97 fps
A view of the Tunguska impactor from within its vapor trail. Earth images courtesy of NASA.
Fireball Over Tunguska
Scene 4

Duration: 12 seconds
HD 1080, UHD 2160
29.97 fps
The Tunguska bolide moments before detonation. Earth images courtesy of NASA.
Tunguska Event
Scene 5

Duration: 30 seconds
HD 720, 29.97 fps
Viewed from above, the detonation of the Tunguska impactor over Siberia shortly after 7 AM on June 30, 1908. Earth images courtesy of NASA.
European Impact
Duration: 25 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps
UHD 2160
A large asteroid impacts southwestern Europe.
Birth of a Star
Duration: 21 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps
A star is born in a protoplanetary disk (a rotating disk of gas and dust) deep within the Orion Nebula. Jets of gas, like those depicted here, are sometimes produced by such newborn stars. Orion Nebula image courtsey of NASA.
Ancient Martian Sunrise
Duration: 35 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
UHD 2160
Sunrise over the water-filled Valles Marineris canyon on ancient Mars.
Asteroid Impact on Mars
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
The impact of an asteroid hurls martian rocks across the solar system. One such rock, ALH 84001, was found in Antarctica and bears structures similar to the fossils of microscopic life.
Martian Grand Canyon
Duration: 33 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
The martian moon Phobos passes over Valles Marineris, the "Grand Canyon" of Mars.
Martian Volcanoes
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Martian volcanoes erupt in the distant past.
Descent into a
Black Hole

Duration: 45 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
A journey into a black hole.
Comet Approaching Jupiter
Duration: 25 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
A comet on a collision course with Jupiter.
Comet Swarm
Duration: 20 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A swarm of comets passes through the Earth-Moon system. Earth and moon images courtesy of NASA.
Nemesis Comet
Duration: 50 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A swarm of comets enters the inner solar system. The barrrage is triggered by Nemesis, the hypothetical dwarf companion of the sun. Earth and moon images courtesy of NASA.
Asteroid Approaching Earth
Duration: 66 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps
UHD 2160
A hypothetical doomsday asteroid targets Earth. Earth images courtesy of NASA.
Comet Nucleus
Duration: 25 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps & 60fps
Jets of gas and streams of meteoroids are emitted by the dark nucleus of a comet as it approaches the sun.
Comet and Earth
Duration: 78 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
The viewer is transported through the debris-strewn tail of a comet which is making a close approach to Earth. Earth images courtesy of NASA.
The Big Whack
Duration: 40 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps & 60fps
The hypothetical collision of a Mars-size protoplanet with the young Earth is thought to have been the first stage in the formation of our moon.
Moon Accretion Events
Duration: 40 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
Particles in a ring of debris begin to accrete around the newly-formed Earth. Elevation map courtesy of NASA.
Impacts on the
Young Moon

Duration: 28 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Impact events on the newly-formed moon. Elevation map courtesy of NASA.
Primordial Moon
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
The primitive moon orbits within a ring of debris. Elevation map courtesy of NASA.
Meteor Shower
Duration: 16 seconds
HD 1080, 29.97 fps
A barrage of meteors burns through Earth's upper atmosphere.
Inner Planet
Duration: 22 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A rocky planet orbits close to its parent star.
New Moon
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080, 29.97 fps
The primordial moon orbits in a ring of debris leftover from its formation. Image of NGC 602 courtesy of NASA.
Meteors
Duration: 14 seconds
UHD 2160
A barrage of meteors enters Earth's upper atmosphere.
Extra Solar World
Duration: 20 seconds
UHD 2160
An extrasolar world is accompanied through space by a family of moons.
ExoMoon
Duration: 34 seconds
UHD 2160
The formation of the moon of an exoplanet.
Meteor Storm
Duration: 10 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps
A swarm of meteors burns up in Earth's atmosphere.
Supernova
Duration: 34 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps
UHD 2160
The explosion of a high-mass star produces a supernova remnant.
Formation of a
Planetary Nebula

Duration: 45 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
A red giant star expels its outer envelope leaving a white dwarf core surrounded by a planetary nebula.
The Solar System
Duration: 124 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A journey through the solar system, from Mercury through the Asteroid Belt to Pluto and beyond. The scene ends with a view of our Milky Way galaxy. Planet images courtesy of NASA and M78 Nebula image courtesy of Jeff Herman Astrophotography.
Galactic Journey
Duration: 100 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
This "Powers of Ten" style animation transports you from Earth past the outer planets, through starfields and nebulae and ultimately to the edge of our Milky Way galaxy. This thumbnail is a composite of the opening and closing frames, since a single picture cannot capture the range of imagery in this 6,000-frame animation. Planet images courtesy of NASA.
Quasar
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A quasar ignites in the nucleus of a giant spiral galaxy.
Red Giant1
Duration: 18 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps & 60fps
Five billion years from now our dying sun will grow to become a red giant star.
Red Giant2
Duration: 11 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Some scientists believe that when our sun becomes a red giant it will grow large enough to envelope Earth.
The Orion Nebula
Duration: 89 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps & 29.97fps
This animation begins with a nighttimeview of the constellation Orion including over 200 stars down to visual magnitude 6.40. After traveling 1,500 light years we enter the Orion Nebula, closely passing the Trapezium star cluster. Our final destination is a protostar and a hypothetical, newborn planet buried deep within one of the "proplyds". Orion and Horse Head nebulae images courtesy of Robert Gendler.
Asteroid Strike
Duration: 26 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
An asteroid strikes the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
Asteroid Storm
Duration: 18 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
A swarm of asteroids heads for Earth.
Heavy Bombardment
Duration: 25 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
The primordial Earth was heavily bombarded during its formation.
Dawn
Duration: 25 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Dawn over the United States.
Saturn Ring Passage
Duration: 23 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
Passage through Saturn's icy rings.
Saturn's Rings
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps
UHD 2160
Saturn's icy ring particles.
Enceladus
Duration: 20 seconds
UHD 2160
Geysers erupt from the south pole of Enceladus.
The Nebula
Duration: 26 seconds
HD 1080, 29.97fps
At the heart of a huge star-forming nebula lies a giant blue star.
Protoplanet
Duration: 38 seconds
HD 1080, 29.97fps
The accretion of a protoplanet.
Chaotic Moon
Duration: 21 seconds
HD 1080, 29.97fps
An alien moon is cracked by tidal stresses and impacted by debirs.
Venus
Duration: 21 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
Venus' cloud deck fades to reveal the volcanic surface mapped by the Magellan spacecraft. Venus images courtesy of NASA.
Super Earth
Duration: 22 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Two "Super Earths" orbit close to their parent star.
The Milky Way
Duration: 27 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
A million-light-year journey out of the Milky Way Galaxy.
Australian Sunrise
Duration: 37 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Sunrise over northern Australia.
Asteroid Belt
Duration: 45 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
A journey into the Asteroid Belt.
Triple Asteroid
87 Sylvia

Duration: 40 seconds
HD 1080, 23.976fps & 60fps
Two small asteroidal moons orbit their large parent, asteroid 87 Sylvia.
Saturn System
Duration: 30 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
Saturn's rings and inner moons.
Extrasolar Planet
Duration: 17 seconds
HD 1080; UHD 2160
An extrasolar planet is surrounded by a ring of debris. Surface map courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson.
Origin of Jupiter
Duration: 40 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
The evolution of the planet Jupiter. Dozens of images captured by the Voyager spacecraft were used to create Jupiter's surface map. Surface map courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson.
Clouds of Titan
Duration: 20 seconds
HD 1080, 24 fps
UHD 2160
A short flight through the upper atmosphere of Saturn's moon, Titan. Saturn maps courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson.
Titan and Saturn
Duration: 30 seconds
UHD 2160
A short flight to Saturn's giant moon, Titan. Saturn maps courtesy of NASA and Bjorn Jonsson.
Solar Eclipse
Duration: 68 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
Partial phase through totality. Includes Bailey's Beads and the diamond ring effect.
Lunar Eclipse
Duration: 37 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
The moon passes from penumbral to total eclipse, changing color as it enters Earth's shadow in this "time lapse" movie. Moon image courtesy of NASA.
Globular Star Cluster
Duration: 40 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
Stars follow random paths with varying orbital speeds.
Algol
Duration: 40 seconds
HD 1080, 60 fps
The two stars comprising Algol revolve around their center of mass. The orbital tilt in this scene matches that seen from Earth, allowing the stars to exhibit the mutual eclipses which have made this binary famous. The colors, diameters and relative distance between the two stars have been depicted as accurately as possible.

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